Supervision is defined as the overseeing of an activity for regulation or direction. All equipment, facilities and activities have inherent risks, but the more effectively they are supervised and maintained, the safer they become.
Principals are responsible for the development and implementation of a student supervision plan for all school sport and other physical activity programs, including weekly sport, integrated sport, outdoor recreation activities, as well as any other school events.
The plan should clearly indicate the supervision arrangements and responsibilities at the various locations and venues, including supervision of student travel to and from these venues and locations.
Principals should assess a number of factors in determining the level and type of supervision which needs to be provided during a particular activity, including:
- nature and location of the activity (prior inspection of the location may be required to identify potential dangers)
- number of students involved
- age and maturity of students
- qualifications and experience of the adult supervisors, including ability to provide first aid
- travel to and from the venue.
For weekly school sport and physical activities outside the school grounds, the school must:
- inform parents or caregivers about the location, cost, mode of travel and supervision arrangements, activities to be undertaken and dismissal times
- obtain permission from parents or caregivers, and
- refer to the Excursion Policy and Procedures in relation to transport and unsupervised activities.
Every time a student or group of students change activities (for example, if a number of different activities are undertaken over the course of a weekly school sports program), the consent of a parent or caregiver must be sought.
During excursions, schools must comply with the Excursion Policy and Procedures, which covers excursion supervision as well as:
- unsupervised activities
- overnight stays